Cover photo for Green Ships, Ship Concepts & Projects: Cargo Vessels

Green Ships, Ship Concepts & Projects: Cargo Vessels

Explore the coolest innovative ships & ship concepts of the world, and the actors driving them! 

Cargo Vessels

With Orca 

With Orca will be a fully zero-emission cargo vessel in all operations. It will be powered by hydrogen, stored onboard in compressed form, and the hydrogen combustion engine will be optimized for increased efficiency. The vessel will also have a fuel cell system for energy production in low-load conditions. 

Source: Norwegian Ship Design

With Orca was initiated as a tender from HeidelbergCement Northern Europe and Felleskjøpet AGRI, a 15-year chartering contract for a shipowner who could deliver a hydrogen-fuelled ship. The concept represented and chosen was made by Egil Ulvan Rederi (shipowner) and Norwegian Ship Design (ship designer). However, the bunkering solutions were provided by Statkraft and Skagerak Energi.

Marit & Therese

Each electric ferry is 67 meters long and weighs 600 tonnes. The vessels are powered by 1846 kWh capacity batteries. The fully electric ships aim to replace 2 million kilometres of truck transport, saving 5,000 tonnes of CO2 every year. They will have been built under DNV Classification and flagged in Norway. The zero-emission vessels have the capacity to carry 16 trailers of cargo, each with a maximum capacity of 29 tons.

Marit & Therese have been designed by  Naval Dynamics using Kongsberg Maritime systems and built by the Indian shipyard Cochin Shipyard Limited for the innovative cargo owner, Asko. However, Masstersly, the autonomous shipping company, will manage the operations at sea.


The Hyship project brings together 14 European partners to design and construct a new ro-ro demonstration vessel running on liquid green hydrogen (LH2), and establish a viable LH2 supply chain and bunkering platform. 

Topeka will be the first vessel of its kind to enter commercial service. Wilhelmsen will operate the vessel and distribute liquid green hydrogen LH2 to hydrogen hubs along the Norwegian coast. 


Oceanbird is the world's first wind-powered Pure car, truck carrier (PCTC) concept. The concept ship has the capacity to carry 7000 cars and will be powered by wind, reducing emissions by 90% over conventional PCTCs operating globally. 

The Swedish company Wallenius Marine developed the Oceanbird concept together with the KTH Royal Institute of Technology and SSPA. While the wing sails are being developed by AlfaWall Oceanbird – a joint venture between Wallenius and Alfa Laval. Partners include Wallenius Marine (logistics company), Alfa Laval (technology provider), KTH Royal Institute of Technology (naval university), and SSPA (research & consulting)

Project SeaShuttle

The project is expected to develop two all-electric ships slated to connect Poland, Swedish west coast ports, and the Oslo fjord.

The vessels will draw on state-of-the-art hydrogen fuel cells for their propulsion power. Europe’s largest multimodal operator, Samskip is leading the challenging initiative to develop autonomous, zero-emission containerships. Other project partners include logistics consultant FlowChange, technology group Kongsberg Maritime and hydrogen integrator HYON.


The leading tanker shipping company Stena Bulk has developed a bulk carrier ship concept called, InfinityMAX, which is designed to carry both dry and wet cargoes in modular compartments and is built with several new core principles that, accumulatively, represent a paradigm shift in cargo transportation. 

The design, which could turn into reality in 2030-2035, features self-sufficient compartments for carrying different types of bulk goods, as well as solutions to make the ship zero-carbon, including telescopic wing sails and a shark skin hull.    


Hydromover is a unique all-electric cargo vessel with swappable batteries. The vessel was developed by Goal Zero Consortium partners. Green technology solutions provider Yinson Green Technologies spearheads the Hydromover’s overall program management and commercialization, while Seatech Solutions International leads Goal Zero in vessel design and system integration. Shift Clean Energy joins them as a battery technology partner; Rina Hong Kong Limited Singapore Branch as a classification society; Singapore Institute of Technology and Technology Centre for Offshore and Marine Singapore developing the operational profiles of different harbor craft types through digital twinning of the Hydromover. Lita Ocean Pte Ltd (Singapore) will build the vessel.


The project aims to develop designs for an ammonia-fueled Chittagongmax container carrier of 2700 TEU capacity. The initial phase of the Chittagongmax project includes partners such as ABS, MAN, and SDARI.

SDARI will develop the ship design and engineering, which will utilize MAN’s dual fuel technology and ABS will assess safety-related issues and contribute to the development of rules and standards in relation to ammonia as a fuel. The initial phase of the joint development program is the conceptual design, whereas the second phase will be the engagement with owners to develop designs tailored to their specific operational requirements.

Kriti Future     

Greece’s shipowner Avin International has ordered the first ammonia fuel-ready vessel in the world. The Suezmax tanker has been ordered at China’s New Times Shipbuilding. The contract comes with options for two more. 

Currently conventionally fuelled, the vessel complies with the ABS Ammonia Ready Level 1 requirements, indicating it is designed to be converted to run on ammonia in the future.    

The ShipFC project 

The project will see an offshore vessel, Viking Energy, which is owned and operated by Eidesvik and on contract to energy major Equinor, have a large 2MW ammonia fuel cell retrofitted, allowing it to sail solely on the clean fuel for up to 3,000 hours annually. 

Other partners involved: NCE Maritime CleanTech (cluster), Equinor (energy company), Eidesvik Offshore (shipping company), Wärtsilä (global leader in smart technologies), Clara Venture Labs (provider of technology development), Yara (producer of nitrates fertilizers), FraunhoferIMM (energy and chemical process technology), Persee (delivers digital products related to hydrogen), The University of Strathclyde (knowledge partner), National Centre for Scientific Research Demokritis (knowledge partner), North Sea Shipping (shipping company), Capital-Executive Ship Management (ship management company), Star Bulk Ship Management (shipping company), and Sustainable Energy Catapult (industrial competence center).

MS Green Ammonia project    

Grieg Edge and Wärtsilä Norway are jointly running the project to launch the GHG emission-free tanker in 2024. The partnership aims to build the world’s first green ammonia-fueled tanker – to ship green ammonia.

The project is a result of a Nordic industrial collaboration group initiated by ZEEDS (Zero Emission Energy Distribution at Sea).

World’s First Pure-Electric Tanker    

Asahi Tanker has confirmed orders at two local yards to build the world’s first two zero-emissions electric bunker tankers. Asahi has chosen Koa Sangyou and Imura Zosen to build one of the vessels each, with delivery scheduled in March 2022 and March 2023. The tankers will be powered by large-capacity lithium-ion batteries, and they will enter service in Tokyo Bay as bunker vessels.

Project partners include: e5 Laboratories Inc. - design provider (a company formed by Asahi Tanker, Exeno Yamamizu Corporation, Mitsui O.S.K. Lines, and Mitsubishi Corporation), ClassNK (classification society)

Yara Birkeland 

Yara and technology company KONGSBERG have teamed up to build the world's first autonomous and zero-emission container vessel: Yara Birkeland. With this container vessel, Yara will reduce diesel-powered truck haulage by 40,000 journeys a year and reduce NOx (Nitrogen oxide) and CO2 emissions, improve road safety, and reduce road dust formation and traffic noise. The zero-emission vessel will transport mineral fertilizer from Yara's production plant in Porsgrunn, Norway to the regional export port in Brevik.

Partners involved: shipyard - Vard, ship design - Marin Teknikk, Massterly - vessel management.  

Wind Challenger

The Wind Challenger Project aims to reduce greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions by using wind energy. MOL and Oshima Shipbuilding Co., Ltd. have jointly obtained Approval In Principle (AIP) for the design of a hard sail system. The system converts wind energy to propulsive force with a telescopic hard sail and is a fundamental technology of the Wind Challenger Project that MOL and Oshima Shipbuilding are spearheading. Obtaining the AIP marks the completion of the initial design related to the sail structure and controls.    

First indigenous hydrogen-fuelled electric vessels

As a part of efforts of the country towards green shipping, Cochin Shipyard Limited (CSL) will develop and build the first indigenous hydrogen-fuelled electric vessels. CSL has partnered with KPIT Technologies Limited and Indian developers in the areas of hydrogen fuel cell, power train, and the Indian Register of Shipping for developing rules and regulations for such vessels.                   

Ammonia-fueled Ultra Large Container Ship concept    

Lloyd’s Register (LR) has granted Approval in Principle (AIP) to Dalian Shipbuilding Industry Co. (DSIC), and MAN Energy Solutions for an ammonia-fuelled 23,000 TEU Ultra-Large Container Ship (ULCS) concept design, the first ammonia as fuel design of its kind in China. 

Ammonia-fuelled tanker

Lloyd’s Register (LR) has granted Approval in Principle (AIP) to Samsung Heavy Industries (SHI) for its ammonia-fuelled tanker design, a key progress milestone in the joint development project LR and SHI announced with industry-leading partners MISC Berhad (shipping corporation) and MAN Energy Solutions in January 2020.    


Alphenaar is the first vessel to use 20 ft (6 m) containers that are filled with lithium-ion batteries to power the vessel, but Zero Emission Services plans a fleet of eight such ships, with eight loading stations and 14 ZESpacks. 

It is all part of Zero Emission Services’ goal to realize 30 zero-emission shipping routes by 2030. Zero Emission Services is a joint venture set up by a Dutch consortium that has been committed to zero-emission inland shipping. Concordia Damen will build the vessels.


Louis Dreyfus Armateurs, a French shipowner, is developing a concept for a ship that would be able to store and distribute renewable energy, with a focus on green hydrogen and ammonia.

The company is working with engineering firm TTOE and the class society Korean Register to develop a technical and regulatory framework for their FRESH project, with the goal of industrializing and commercializing it by 2025.

Cargo Owners for Zero Emission Vessels (coZEV)

coZEV is a cargo owner-led platform for collaboration that enables maritime freight customers to come together and use their brand power and economies of scale to accelerate maritime decarbonization. coZEV is focused on four action areas aimed at ensuring cargo owners can use zero-emission shipping for 100% of their ocean freight by 2040 on the way to full maritime sector decarbonization by 2050 at the latest. The ambition statement is signed by the following cargo owners

Electrolux, ETTLI Kaffee, Moose Toys, Ohana Beverage Company, Philips, REI Co-op, Sisley, Target, Unilever, Philips, Patagonia, IKEA, Michelin, Zara, Amazon, Beiersdorf, Brooks, Frog Bikes, Inditex, Sisley Paris, Target, Tchibo

Sea Cargo Charter    

The Sea Cargo Charter provides a framework for aligning chartering activities with responsible environmental behavior to promote international shipping’s decarbonization. So far, 34 charterers and operators have come together to commit to the Sea Cargo Charter: ADM, Bunge, Eagle Bulk, Nova Marine Carriers, Louis Dreyfus Company, Maersk Tankers, Klaveness Combination Carriers, NYK Bulkship (Atlantic) NV, and Signal Maritime Services.

Other Zero Emission Shipping Projects:

Solid Oxide Fuel Cell (SOFC) 4 Maritime 

This project targets efficient conversion of green fuels from Power-2-X back to power on-board ships. While conventional internal combustion engines (ICE) can also operate on green fuels such as electrolysis-based ammonia or methanol, the overall efficiency is relatively low, because partial on-board reforming of these fuels to a pilot fuel is needed. SOFCs can use these fuels directly and have excellent electrical efficiency. The project partners include: ABS (classification society), Haldor Topsoe (decarbonization solutions & technology provider), Mærsk Mc-Kinney Møller Center for Zero Carbon Shipping (R&D), DTU Energy (R&D), Maersk Svitzer, whilst Alfa Laval (technology provider) is the project lead.


The NoGAPS project consists of companies from across the shipping and ammonia value chain, to develop a holistic proof of concept and roadmap for the construction of the world’s first ammonia-powered deepsea vessel. The proof of concept will address both the ship design and safety aspects, the production and supply of green ammonia as well as the business models to make the project economically viable, and will thus serve as the basis for launching concrete projects that can lead to the deployment of the first ammonia powered vessel by 2025. Project partners include Lauritzen-Kosan, Yara, Ørsted, Wärtsilä , MAN Energy Solutions, DNV, Danish Ship Finance, DNB, and Fürstenberg Maritime Advisory.

Other Zero Emission Shipping Related Lists: 

We have mapped the Zero Emission Shipping ecosystem and ZEM Solutions for four categories vessel categories. Check out the rest of Zero Emission Shipping actors and technologies below! 

0 reactions
  1. Loading...